Abstract and Keywords
The theory of plural rationality has a fourfold typology: four styles in which households and societies consume food and water; four basic ways of understanding the world and acting in it; four ways of living with one another and with nature; and, as now argued, four contending schools of engineering thought. Our argument is illustrated with two case studies: one where water is the core resource, as in irrigation for rural agricultural production in Nepal; the other where what has been entrained in the water as a result of the urban metabolism—the nitrogen, phosphorus, and carbon nutrient resources—is key, here to the prospect of achieving a circular urban economy (in cities such as London).
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