Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the history of women’s conflict in Bougainville, an island territory that was plunged into conflict for a ten-year period in the late 1980s. Women’s conflict-prevention activities were influential at a range of levels and generated a broader momentum for peace in the territory, which has been widely recognized and celebrated. But the gendered continuities and ruptures that have become evident as Bougainville has transitioned from conflict to peace indicate the difficulties women have had in the longer-term in challenging the broader architecture of entitlement that shapes and restricts debate on post-conflict governance in Bougainville. The experiences of women in this conflict context are instructive, showing how a focus on women’s agency in peace-building can create opportunities for women in some areas of public and political life, but constrain their capacity to challenge restrictive or discriminatory gendered practices in others.
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