- The Oxford Handbook of Endangered Languages
- Biographical Note
- Introduction: Endangered Languages
- The Status of the World’s Endangered Languages
- Assessing Degrees of Language Endangerment
- Language Contact and Language Endangerment
- Indigenous Language Rights—Miner’s Canary or Mariner’s Tern?
- The Goals of Language Documentation
- Documentation, Linguistic Typology, and Formal Grammar
- The Design and Implementation of Documentation Projects for Spoken Languages
- Endangered Sign Languages: An Introduction
- Design and Implementation of Collaborative Language Documentation Projects
- Tools and Technology for Language Documentation and Revitalization
- Corpus Compilation and Exploitation in Language Documentation Projects
- Writing Grammars of Endangered Languages
- Compiling Dictionaries of Endangered Languages
- Orthography Design and Implementation for Endangered Languages
- Language Archiving
- Tools from the Ethnography of Communication for Language Documentation
- Language Documentation in Diaspora Communities
- Ethics in Language Documentation and Revitalization
- Approaches to and Strategies for Language Revitalization
- Comparative Analysis in Language Revitalization Practices: Addressing the Challenge
- The Linguistics of Language Revitalization: Problems of Acquisition and Attrition
- New Media for Endangered Languages
- Language Recovery Paradigms
- Myaamiaataweenki: Revitalization of a Sleeping Language
- Language Revitalization in Kindergarten: A Case Study of Truku Seediq Language Immersion
- Māori: Revitalization of an Endangered Language
- Language Revitalization in Africa
- Planning Minority Language Maintenance: Challenges and Limitations
- Congruence Between Species and Language Diversity
- Sustaining Biocultural Diversity
- Traditional and Local Knowledge Systems as Language Legacies Critical for Conservation
- Climate Change and Its Consequences for Cultural and Language Endangerment
- Interdisciplinary Language Documentation
- Why Lexical Loss and Culture Death Endanger Science
- Funding the Documentation and Revitalization of Endangered Languages
- Teaching Linguists to Document Endangered Languages
- Training Language Activists to Support Endangered Languages
- Designing Mobile Applications for Endangered Languages
- Indigenous Language Use Impacts Wellness
Abstract and Keywords
How is language documentation defined and what constitutes language documentation? What counts as having an adequate language documentation, and how is that assessed? In this chapter we address these questions and attempt to provide useful perspectives on what must go into answering them.
Richard A. Rhodes is an associate professor of Linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley and an internationally recognized expert in Algonquian studies. He is the author of a major dictionary of Ojibwe, an important Algonquian language. His recent work has focused on descriptive syntax and nineteenth-century Ojibwe/Ottawa documents. He has also worked on the documentation of Michif, a mixed language of western Canada, and of Sayula Popoluca, a Mixe-Zoquean language of southern Mexico.
Lyle Campbell (PhD, UCLA) is professor emeritus at the University of Hawai‘i Mānoa. His specializations include language documentation, historical linguistics, indigenous languages of the Americas, and typology. He was director of the Catalogue of Endangered Languages project at the University of Hawai‘i 2009–2016. He is a linguist but has also held appointments in Anthropology, Latin American Studies, Linguistics, and Spanish. His publications include 23 books and approximately 200 articles; he won the Linguistic Society of America’s “Bloomfield Book Award” twice, for American Indian Languages (Oxford University Press, 1997) and Historical Syntax in Cross-Linguistic Perspective (with Alice Harris, Cambridge University Press, 1995).
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