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date: 31 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The history of the first centuries of Carthage can only be sketched out, given the paucity of literary sources, which are also of variable quality, and so far as the Greek and Roman sources are concerned, often biased. Exploiting the Classical sources, the result of archaeological research, and epigraphic studies, it is nevertheless possible to paint a picture of a cosmopolitan, dynamic, and ambitious city, which grew rapidly and integrated the trade networks of the western Mediterranean. Thanks to its accumulated resources, its policy of alliances, and its recourse to military action, Carthage succeeded in establishing itself as the key power in the central Mediterranean from the second half of the sixth century bce.

Keywords: Tyre, Elissa, Byrsa, autochtony, Malchus, Magonid, Alalia, Etruscan, tessera hospitalis, Himera

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