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date: 07 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines rumination as a unique mode of thought capable of arising in both normative and pathological contexts. Although there has been extensive interest in rumination as a trait-level contributor to psychopathology, research on the neural correlates of ongoing rumination is relatively recent. Viewed through the lens of spontaneous thought, the chapter considers rumination as a spontaneously occurring form of thought that becomes “stuck” in a repetitive, highly constrained context. In considering the implications of this viewpoint, the chapter explores the contexts in which rumination has been identified, as well as its relationship to other forms of spontaneous thought such as mind-wandering.

Keywords: rumination, mind-wandering, pathology, spontaneous thought, psychopathology

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