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date: 15 July 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores the processes and prospects for revitalizing endangered and minoritized languages, drawing on international language policy and planning research and practice. These processes are framed as sustaining, rather than preserving or maintaining, to emphasize their dynamic, heteroglossic, and multi-sited character. A key assumption is that revitalizing and sustaining endangered languages is political work that challenges dominant language ideologies and linguistic inequalities. The chapter begins with definitions of key terms, followed by a discussion of endangerment classificatory schemes. Three language-in-education movements are then examined across a diverse range of national and regional contexts: the new speaker movement, Indigenous revitalization immersion, and bi/multilingual education through endangered/minoritized languages and languages of wider communication. The chapter concludes by considering how language endangerment can be disrupted, the relationship of local revitalization efforts to global movements, and the implications for linguistic human rights.

Keywords: Indigenous peoples, language endangerment, language revitalization, language rights, language-in-education planning and policy, new speaker movement

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