- The Oxford Handbook of Evolution, Biology, and Society
- About the Editor
- About the Contributors
- Introduction: Evolution, Biology, and Society
- Divergence and Possible Consilience Between Evolutionary Biology and Sociology
- Sociology’s Contentious Courtship with Biology: A Ballad
- Edward Westermarck: The First Sociobiologist
- Discovering Human Nature Through Cross-Species Analysis
- The Neurology of Religion: An Explanation from Evolutionary Sociology
- Reward Allowances and Contrast Effects in Social Evolution: A Challenge to Zygmunt Bauman’s Liquid Modernity
- Sex Differences in the Human Brain
- The Savanna Theory of Happiness
- How Evolutionary Psychology Can Contribute to Group Process Research
- The Genetics of Human Behavior: A Hopeless Opus?
- DNA Is Not Destiny
- On the Genetic and Genomic Basis of Aggression, Violence, and Antisocial Behavior
- Genetics and Politics: A Review for the Social Scientist
- Genes and Status Achievement
- Peer Networks, Psychobiology of Stress Response, and Adolescent Development
- Stress and Stress Hormones
- Social Epigenetics of Human Behavior
- Physiology of Face-to-Face Competition
- Evolutionary Behavioral Science: Core Principles, Common Misconceptions, and a Troubling Tendency
- Evolutionary Family Sociology
- Evolution and Human Reproduction
- Evolution, Societal Sexism, and Universal Average Sex Differences in Cognition and Behavior
- Evolutionary Theory and Criminology
- The Biosocial Study of Ethnicity
- Human Sociosexual Dominance Theory
- From Paganism to World Transcendence: Religious Attachment Theory and the Evolution of the World Religions
- The Evolutionary Approach to History: Sociocultural Phylogenetics
- Why Sociology Should Incorporate Biology
Abstract and Keywords
Sociology’s attitude toward biology has varied greatly during the course of their relationship. Initial infatuation gave way to disillusionment and estrangement, followed, in turn, by hotly contested attempts at reconciliation and reunion. This chapter fleshes out the trajectory of their alliance with a brief and not-unopinionated history of sociology’s relationship to biology in hopes of rendering the story coherent and memorable, of gleaning what insights it offers about the obstacles and virtues of their relationship, and of forecasting the future of their association. Based on recent developments within both sociology and biology, and, more importantly, in light of their essential unity, the chapter concludes that their future is bright indeed.
Douglas A. Marshall is Associate Professor of Sociology and Director of Honors Education at the University of South Alabama. His research lies at the intersection of sociological theory, social psychology, and evolutionary biosociology, particularly as applied to the sociology of rationality and to the sociology of religion, in which section he was awarded the ASA outstanding paper award in 2011. His current projects include The Moral Origins of God, a book integrating his work on ritual, the sacred, and theogenesis into a comprehensive evolutionary theory of religion, and Sociology Distilled: Science, Force, and Structure, a supplemental text for introductory sociology courses.
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