Abstract and Keywords
Decades of evidence from a range of disciplines shows that industrial energy releases greenhouse gas emissions and contributes extensively to climate change. Energy delivers water, food, and other goods to billions of people, but through emissions it also harms health and environments that support health. These harms vary and have different practical and ethical significance for different populations and environments. A public health ethics concerned with whether and how to respond to conditions that harm health must address these harms. This chapter reviews evidence that the primary cause of climate change is emissions released during industrial production and use of energy. It highlights the health impacts of climate change, defines emissions as health determinants with ethical implications, and discusses how and why ethically informed health policy and other interventions should integrate social justice and social responsibility.
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