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date: 15 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter delves into the ethical issues surrounding the implementation of public health interventions for control of mosquito-borne illnesses. Emerging and reemerging mosquito-borne infections remain a public health threat worldwide, prompting public health agencies to strengthen individual and population-wide measures for mosquito control. Ethical issues surrounding surveillance activities and key public health interventions for mosquito control are discussed, including provision of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs), the spraying of aerial pesticides, and the introduction of genetically modified mosquitoes. A case study of Zika virus disease highlights specific ethical challenges surrounding the safety of insect repellent use in pregnancy and the complex issue of women’s reproductive rights arising in a fast-moving epidemic. The chapter emphasizes the need for community engagement at all levels of mosquito control interventions, and it highlights the disproportionate impact of mosquito-borne disease on the poor, calling to action the need to strengthen health systems in low- and middle-income countries.

Keywords: mosquito-borne illnesses, public health intervention, surveillance, reproductive rights, pesticides, genetically modified mosquitoes, Zika virus disease, insect repellent, insecticide-treated nets, community engagement, health systems, public health ethics

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