Abstract and Keywords
Two central goals of public health—the traditional one of improving population health, and the more recent one of distributing that health fairly, including reducing health inequalities—are sometimes in tension. This chapter explores aspects of that tension, and argues that while we have social obligations to meet health needs, whatever their source, we may have extra reasons to reduce unjust health inequalities. A fair and deliberative process can reduce disagreements about what priority should be given to reducing health inequalities. The chapter examines issues of distributive justice and procedural justice, and how they interact with public health ethics.
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