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date: 14 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Improving the health of populations is a fundamental goal of public health. An essential step to achieve this goal is addressing the varying health needs and stressors experienced by different populations and subgroups within a population, along with the significant ethical issues of health equity raised by disparities in health among these groups. This chapter provides an overview of the section of The Oxford Handbook of Public Health Ethics dedicated to examining the public health needs and related ethical issues of a number of subpopulations that generally experience or are exposed to health stressors. Those stressors may include historic injustices, discrimination and stigmatization, and unique social or physical needs, limitations, or vulnerabilities. The chapters in this section consider aging populations, children and adolescents, persons with mental illness, persons with disabilities, sexual and gender minorities, and immigrants and refugees. Examining public health practices and strategies through the lens of each of these particular populations helps to illustrate the ethical challenges of improving population health equitably.

Keywords: health disparities, public health ethics, aging populations, children and adolescents, mental illness, disability, sexual minorities, gender minorities, immigrants, refugees

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