- The Oxford Handbook of Disability History
- The Perils and Promises of Disability Biography
- Disability History and Greco-Roman Antiquity
- Intellectual Disability in the European Middle Ages
- Disability in the Premodern Arab World
- Disability and the History of Eugenics
- Social History of Medicine and Disability History
- Material Culture, Technology, and the Body in Disability History
- Designing Objects and Spaces: A Modern Disability History
- Documents, Ethics, and the Disability Historian
- Disability and Work During the Industrial Revolution in Britain
- Disability and Work in South Asia and the United Kingdom
- Disability and Work in British West Africa
- Race, Work, and Disability in Progressive Era United States
- Organized Labor and Disability in Post–World War II United States
- Deaf-Blindness and the Institutionalization of Special Education in Nineteenth-Century Europe
- Disability and Madness in Colonial Asylum Records in Australia and New Zealand
- Madness, Transnationalism, and Emotions in Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century New Zealand
- Institutions for People with Disabilities in North America
- Picturing Disability in Eighteenth-Century England
- Disability, Race, and Gender on the Stage in Antebellum America
- Polio and Disability in Cold War Hungary
- Monstrous Births, Birth Defects, Unusual Anatomy, and Disability in Europe and North America
- Disability in Modern Chinese Cinema
- Transnational Interconnections in Nineteenth-Century Western Deaf Communities
- The Disability Rights Movement in the United States
- The Rise of Gay Rights and the Disavowal of Disability in the United States
- Disabled Veterans and the Wounds of War
Abstract and Keywords
Arab Sunni Muslim discourses and experiences of physical and sensory impairments are surveyed from the rise of Islam in the seventh century until about 1800. The geographical focus of this discussion, which is primarily a function of the available scholarship, is Egypt and Greater Syria, the area that corresponds roughly to today’s Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Israel and the Palestinian territories. Impairments appear frequently in premodern Arabic writings, especially in literature, chronicles, biographies and autobiographies, legal texts, and medical compendia, leaving the reader with the impression that people with impairments were everywhere in the Arab world. Yet, to date only a handful of articles and two historical monographs about the Arab world are explicitly situated within the field of disability history. This chapter provides a new benchmark on which historians of disability working in the Arab world can build in future studies.
Sara Scalenghe is an associate professor of history at Loyola University, Maryland, where she teaches courses on the Middle East. She is the author of Disability in the Ottoman Arab World, 1500–1800 (Cambridge University Press, 2014). She is currently writing a book on disability in the modern Arab world.
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