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date: 18 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the cultural and social–personality psychological processes involved in multicultural experiences and identities and the societal factors that influence these phenomena. To do so, relevant findings and theories from the subfields of acculturation, sociology, cultural, social, and personality psychologies are reviewed and integrated. The chapter includes sections devoted to defining multiculturalism and its components at the individual, group, and societal levels, explaining the links between multiculturalism and related constructs, such as acculturation and interculturalism, and synthesizing the fast-growing literatures on cultural frame switching, individual differences in multicultural identity, and outcomes resulting from multicultural identities and experiences. The chapter concludes with a discussion of future challenges and needed directions in the psychological study of multiculturalism.

Keywords: multicultural, biculturalism, bicultural, interculturalism, intercultural, acculturation, bicultural identity integration, identity, ethnicity, culture

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