- The Oxford Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice
- Copyright Page
- Developmental and Life-Course Criminology
- Age and Crime
- Age of Onset of Offending Behavior
- Specialization and Versatility in Offending
- Acceleration, Deceleration, Escalation, and De-escalation
- Persistence and Desistance
- Trajectories of Criminal Behavior Across the Life Course
- The Developmental Taxonomy
- Developmental Pathways to Conduct Problems and Serious Forms of Delinquency
- The Integrated Cognitive Antisocial Potential (ICAP) Theory: New Empirical Tests
- The Interconnected Development of Personal Controls and Antisocial Behavior
- The Social Development Model
- Interactional Theory
- The Dynamics of Change: Criminogenic Interactions and Life-Course Patterns in Crime
- The Age-Graded Theory of Informal Social Control
- Biosocial Influences on Offending Across the Life Course
- Personality and Other Individual Influences on Offending
- Family Influences on Youth Offending
- Peer Influences on Offending
- Schools and the Pathway to Crime: A Focus on Relationships
- Developmental Influences of Substance Use on Criminal Offending
- The Impact of Changes in Family Situations on Persistence and Desistance from Crime
- Employment, Crime, and the Life Course
- The Effects of Neighborhood Context and Residential Mobility on Criminal Persistence and Desistance
- Religion and the Military
- The Effects of Juvenile System Processing on Subsequent Delinquency Outcomes
- Effects of Incarceration
- Desistance and Cognitive Transformations
- Developmental and Life-Course Findings on Women and Girls
- Family-Based Programs for Preventing Delinquency and Later Offending
- Developmental Preschool and School Programs Against Violence and Offending
- Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment to Prevent Offending and to Rehabilitate Offenders
- Cost-Benefit Analysis of Developmental Prevention
- Conclusions and Implications for Developmental and Life-Course Criminology
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter focuses on life-course studies of employment and crime. It draws predominantly on quantitative results, but evidence from qualitative life-course studies are discussed as well. The purpose here is to provide an informed assessment of state-of-the-art scholarship. This chapter reviews studies that examine the capacity of employment (job entries) to curb criminal involvement. There are strong theoretical reasons to expect transitions to stable employment to contribute to the desistance process. Hence, the chapter explores the life-course studies of unemployment effects on criminal behavior (job exits). It concludes with a summary of the evidence and discusses implications for the next generation of studies on employment and crime.
Jukka Savolainen is a Research Professor in the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan.
Mikko Aaltonen is a Senior Researcher in the Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy at the University of Helsinki, Finland.
Torbjørn Skardhamar is a Professor in the Department of Sociology and Human Geography at the University of Oslo, Norway.
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