- The Oxford Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice
- Copyright Page
- Developmental and Life-Course Criminology
- Age and Crime
- Age of Onset of Offending Behavior
- Specialization and Versatility in Offending
- Acceleration, Deceleration, Escalation, and De-escalation
- Persistence and Desistance
- Trajectories of Criminal Behavior Across the Life Course
- The Developmental Taxonomy
- Developmental Pathways to Conduct Problems and Serious Forms of Delinquency
- The Integrated Cognitive Antisocial Potential (ICAP) Theory: New Empirical Tests
- The Interconnected Development of Personal Controls and Antisocial Behavior
- The Social Development Model
- Interactional Theory
- The Dynamics of Change: Criminogenic Interactions and Life-Course Patterns in Crime
- The Age-Graded Theory of Informal Social Control
- Biosocial Influences on Offending Across the Life Course
- Personality and Other Individual Influences on Offending
- Family Influences on Youth Offending
- Peer Influences on Offending
- Schools and the Pathway to Crime: A Focus on Relationships
- Developmental Influences of Substance Use on Criminal Offending
- The Impact of Changes in Family Situations on Persistence and Desistance from Crime
- Employment, Crime, and the Life Course
- The Effects of Neighborhood Context and Residential Mobility on Criminal Persistence and Desistance
- Religion and the Military
- The Effects of Juvenile System Processing on Subsequent Delinquency Outcomes
- Effects of Incarceration
- Desistance and Cognitive Transformations
- Developmental and Life-Course Findings on Women and Girls
- Family-Based Programs for Preventing Delinquency and Later Offending
- Developmental Preschool and School Programs Against Violence and Offending
- Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment to Prevent Offending and to Rehabilitate Offenders
- Cost-Benefit Analysis of Developmental Prevention
- Conclusions and Implications for Developmental and Life-Course Criminology
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter turns to the age-graded theory of informal social control. This theory posits that crime is more likely to occur when an individual's bond to conventional society is weakened. This chapter briefly considers Sampson and Laub’s Crime in the Making before providing a summary of the revised version of the theory in Shared Beginnings, Divergent Lives. It then provides an updated theoretical and empirical assessment of the core principles of the theory, namely a review of current research on turning points and human agency. The chapter next details current challenges to the importance of turning points in adulthood and reviews contemporary barriers to mechanisms of desistance. The chapter concludes with some commentary and final thoughts on the theory.
John H. Laub is Distinguished University Professor in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Maryland, College Park.
Zachary R. Rowan is an Assistant Professor in the School of Criminology at Simon Fraser University.
Robert J. Sampson is the Henry Ford II Professor of the Social Sciences at Harvard University.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.