Abstract and Keywords
This chapter considers the historical developments leading to the establishment of international criminal tribunals and why there exist unique provisions and capabilities, as well as some similar approaches to justice, among them. It highlights the key role of the United Nations (UN) in forging the new era of international criminal justice. The chapter is organized as follows. Part I examines the role of international organizations, particularly the UN, in the creation of the international and hybrid criminal tribunals since 1993 and each tribunal's legal character under international law. Part II compares and contrasts the structural composition of the tribunals, which is a critical base of knowledge about their history, how they function, and the law they enforce.
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