Abstract and Keywords
This chapter begins by considering the power of international courts and tribunals to award remedies, and the different approaches to remedies. It then examines remedies awarded by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and special regimes. It shows that restitution is not available in some international organizations, nor for mass claims, such as those addressed by the UN Compensation Commission (UNCC). In contrast, the ICJ has become more assertive in spelling out the obligations of states parties, although it still displays some caution in respecting the discretion of states. It is human rights tribunals that seem most concerned to re-establish the rule of law after violations, and to secure compliance with human rights obligations.
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