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date: 24 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter first presents a collective profile of international judges. The typical international judge in December 2012 had the following characteristics: European citizenship; male; between fifty-eight and sixty-seven years old; and significant past work experience in the public sector as a judge, civil servant, and/or member of one or more national or international bodies. The chapter then shows how the characteristics of the international bench have changed significantly over time. It compares the composition of the benches of three key courts at intervals of twenty years: The International Court of Justice (ICJ) benches of 1972, 1992, and 2012; the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) benches for the same years; and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) bench of 1993 (its first bench) and that of 2012 (as its end date nears). International arbitrators are also discussed.

Keywords: international judges, international arbitrators, International Court of Justice, European Court of Human Rights, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

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