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date: 09 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Hans Kelsen was one of the most significant legal scholars of the 20th century. His work has been studied wherever legal theory is studied. Kelsen was a theorist and philosopher who renewed legal positivism and found new answers to the fundamental question of how law is to be constructed and understood. He gained a worldwide reputation for his ‘pure theory of law’ (Reine Rechtslehre)—a view of law ‘purified of all political ideology and all elements of natural sciences’. A substantial part of his work of the 1930s and 1940s was devoted to then-pressing problems of international law, in particular the maintenance of international peace through international organizations and international courts.

Keywords: legal positivism, pure theory, legal theory, Hans Kelsen, international law, international peace

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