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date: 13 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on the sundry projects that have been planned over nearly six centuries towards a perpetual peace between the European nations. These projects essentially concerned European countries from the Middle Ages up to the contemporary period up to mid-20th century, including the creation of the UN just after the Second World War. Since the birth of nations, the rivalry between them has been acute, every one searching to establish domination over the other, although some countries were late to develop as true a national feeling as, for example, Italy or Germany, up to the 19th century. The relationship between Utopia and Cosmopolis could seem obvious, because both words might include a Utopian meaning; but Utopia in its sharp sense appears as a dreamed ideal world, unknown in the real world. On the other hand, Cosmopolis could be defined as a future, expected, and dreamed world, but reflected through a philosophical approach.

Keywords: European nations, peace, UN, Middle Ages, the Second World War, Utopian meaning

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