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date: 21 July 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the role and obligations of armed non-state actors in armed conflict. It suggests that the traditional approach of international law which excludes armed non-state actors from its list of suitable subjects is not helpful in protecting innocent victims and creates the impression that armed groups inhabit a lawless world. It proposes a number of options that can be considered when addressing violations of international law committed by armed non-state actors. These include encouraging codes of conduct and deeds of commitment, imposition of sanctions and criminal accountability, and launching initiatives aimed at the underlying causes of the conflict

Keywords: armed non-state actors, armed conflict, international law, codes of conduct, deeds of commitment, sanctions, criminal accountability

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