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date: 04 December 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores the remedies for violations of international cultural heritage law. Notwithstanding the availability of justice mechanisms, the question of repairing attacks against culture poses a set of philosophical and practical questions—namely, the definition of victimhood and adequate measures of reparation. Here, international law provides a relatively harmonized account of reparation, based on a restorative approach. As such, reparation should be adequate and proportionate to the harm suffered and may therefore consist of one or more of the five following measures: compensation, restitution, satisfaction, rehabilitation, and guarantees of non-repetition. The chapter then looks at the categories of recurrent harms against culture that have received international attention, whether from a legal or political perspective—namely, looted or stolen art; historical processes of group cultural destruction; and intentional attacks against cultural heritage.

Keywords: cultural property, cultural heritage, remedies and costs, reparations, compensation, restitution

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