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date: 15 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the environmental law system of the People’s Republic of China. It first provides an overview of the allocation of powers within the Chinese system as regards environmental protection, taking into account the relevant constitutional provisions for environmental governance. In particular, it discusses China’s political system and powers relating to environmental legislation, law enforcement inspection, oversight of government work, review and approval of governmental budgets for environmental protection, and appointment and dismissal of governmental officials involved in environmental protection. The chapter goes on to consider the structure and substance of China’s environmental law before turning to the implementation of the environmental law framework, placing emphasis on the role of administrative institutions and judicial organization relating to environmental protection. Finally, it analyses the process of environmental governance in China by the IPPEP Model, a conceptual model that describes the Interactions of Parties in Process of Environmental Protection (IPPEP).

Keywords: comparative environmental law, China, enforcement and implementation

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