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date: 18 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the international legal regime on nature conservation. It first provides a brief overview of the evolution of national and international instruments to protect wildlife before exploring the concept of biodiversity and the dimensions of its intrinsic value. It then considers the relationship between protected areas and wildlife species, with particular emphasis on the designation of certain areas based on the wonders they sheltered and later based on the need to conserve wildlife. It also describes the legal definition and criteria for designation of an area for purposes of nature conservation, the importance of the size of protected areas in wildlife protection, and the link between wildlife and environmental connectivity. Finally, it analyses a range of specific measures designed to protect wild species, including wandering and alien species, trade in species, and the debate surrounding property rights and market mechanisms as they apply to wildlife protection.

Keywords: comparative environmental law, biodiversity, ecosystems, endangered and invasive species

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