Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the theoretical foundations and the genealogy of international criminal jurisdiction in international law. While it is clear that international criminal jurisdiction cuts into national jurisdiction to a certain extent, the question concerning the proper foundation of international criminal jurisdiction—whether it rests on state consent or a mandate by the international community—remains more nuanced and more debated. The chapter also explores judicial perspectives on the jurisdiction of international courts and tribunals. It argues that, where the Security Council has been involved in establishing a court or tribunal, jurisprudence supports the position that international criminal jurisdiction is exercised on behalf of the international community. In the case of the International Criminal Court (ICC), however, the picture becomes more complex, due to the role of domestic criminal jurisdiction and the difficulty in identifying a single international community.
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