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Gender, Peace, and the New Politics of Humanitarianism in the First Half of the Twentieth Century



In the midst of the First World War (1914–18), the American peace activist and feminist Jane Addams observed that the conflict had produced two types of masculinity. One was more akin to the “Victorian man,” while the other consisted of young men less inclined to be skeptically militarist and more inclined to be practically internationalist in their world outlook: “Even in their conception of internationalism, the two groups of young men and old men differed widely. The Victorian group, for instance, in their moral romanticism, fostered a sentiment for a far-off ‘Federation of the World’ and believed that the world would be federated when wise men from many nations met together and accomplished it. The young men do not talk much about internationalism, but they live in a world where common experience has in fact become largely internationalised.”


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This article by Glenda Sluga is a selection from The Oxford Handbook of Gender, War, and the Western World since 1600n, edited by Karen Hagemann, Stefan Dudink, and Sonya O. Rose.


Featured Image: Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.


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