This essay explores the historiography of Indian slavery in various borderlands of the hemisphere and argues that even though the Spanish Crown prohibited Indian slavery after 1542, several coercive labor arrangements akin to enslavement allowed owners to retain mastery over indigenous workers while formally complying with the law.
This article by Andrés Reséndez is a selection from The [Oxford] Handbook of Borderlands of the Iberian World, edited by Danna A. Levin Rojo and Cynthia Radding.
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Also available with Chinese subtitles on Youku