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date: 19 November 2017

Abstract and Keywords

Cultural differences of emotions are well documented for adults. In contrast, the developmental pathways for these culture-specific ontogenetic outcomes are less known and studied so far. However, several theoretical frameworks were constructed and tested over the past several years to specifically describe and explain emotional development within a cultural perspective, demonstrating that this topic is currently of high interest in the scientific community and beyond. The goal of this chapter is to provide an overview of the current knowledge about cultural commonalities and differences of emotional development from infancy to kindergarten. The authors present studies on temperament and genetics that aim to explain cultural differences, and they also present studies on socialization practices and beliefs that serve to transfer cultural knowledge and rules about emotions to the next generation.

Keywords: emotional competence, emotion expression, facial expression, temperament, emotion regulation, ideal affect, emotion norms, emotion socialization, emotional competence models

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