- Oxford Library of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Human Development and Culture
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editor
- Cultural-Developmental Scholarship for a Global World: An Introduction
- Ethical Considerations in Research on Human Development and Culture
- Human Development in Today’s Globalizing World: Implications for Self and Identity
- Migration Between and Within Countries: Implications for Families and Acculturation
- Indigenous Social Science at the Intersection with Human Development: Implications for and Lessons from African Ecocultures
- Charting Infant Development: Milestones Along the Way
- Comparative and Developmental Anthropology: Studying the Origins of Cultural Variability in Cognitive Function
- The Emergence and Development of Language Across Cultures
- Early Emotional Development in Cultural Perspective
- The Evolution of Attachment Theory and Cultures of Human Attachment in Infancy and Early Childhood
- Early Contexts of Learning: Family and Community Socialization During Infancy and Toddlerhood
- Childhood Practices Across Cultures: Play and Household Work
- Cognition in Childhood Across Cultures
- Cultural Manifestation of Intelligence in Formal and Informal Learning Environments During Childhood
- Moral Reasoning: Developmental Emergence and Life Course Pathways Among Cultures
- The Interaction Between Culture and the Development of Creativity
- Parental Ethnotheories and the Development of Family Relationships in Early and Middle Childhood
- In and Out of the Classroom: The Intersection of Learning and Schooling Across Cultural Communities
- Gender Across Cultures: Sex and Socialization in Childhood
- Leaving Childhood: The Nature and Meaning of Adolescent Transition Rituals
- Adolescent Risk and Resiliences Across Cultures
- Global Concerns in Adolescent Health with a Case Study of India
- Cultural Roots of Values, Morals, and Religious Orientations in Adolescent Development
- Identity, Politics, and the Cultural Psychology of Adolescence
- Family in Adolescence: Relatedness and Autonomy Across Cultures
- Cultural Templates for Child and Adolescent Friendships
- Education and the Youth Phase: Patterns, Purposes, and Problems in Global Perspective
- Child Labor: Homes, Streets, Armies, Factories, and Stores
- Adolescent Civic Development Across Cultures
- The Cultural Psychology of Emerging Adulthood
- The Intersection of Culture, Health, and Risk Behaviors in Emerging and Young Adults
- New Media, Social Change, and Human Development from Adolescence Through the Transition to Adulthood
- Social Mobility in the Transition to Adulthood: Educational Systems, Career Entry, and Individual Agency
- Work and Work Migration Within and Across Countries in Emerging and Young Adulthood
- Love, Sex, and Marriage Across Cultures
- Dual and Communal Parenting: Implications in Young Adulthood
- Fathering Diversity Within Societies
- Cognition in Adulthood Across Cultures
- Midlife Narratives Across Cultures: Decline or Pinnacle?
- Explorations in Generativity and Culture
- Adult Development in Japan and the United States: Comparing Theories and Findings About Growth, Maturity, and Well-Being
- Community Leadership and Non-attachment in Later Adulthood
- Death and Bereavement in Later Adulthood: Cultural Beliefs, Behaviors, and Emotions
Abstract and Keywords
Across the globe, most young people aged 15 through their early 20s work, primarily in positions that are short-term, part-time, low-pay, and low-skilled. Because work is such an enduring phenomenon in the lives of youth and young adults and often helps to shape life paths, migration patterns, and generational change, it is critical to outline the role work and work migration play in the lives of young adults. This chapter describes the types of work in which youth are typically employed and analyzes the relationships between employment opportunities and higher education attainment across nation states. Finally, the last section discusses how the pressure for employment opportunities among all youth, regardless of their education attainment, drives their migration patterns worldwide.
Barbara Schneider is John A. Hannah and University Distinguished Professor at the College of Education and Department of Sociology, Michigan State University.
Guan K. Saw is a doctoral student of measurement and quantitative methods at the College of Education, Michigan State University.
Michael Broda is a doctoral student of curriculum, instruction, and teacher education at the College of Education, Michigan State University.
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