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date: 18 November 2017

Abstract and Keywords

Across the globe, most young people aged 15 through their early 20s work, primarily in positions that are short-term, part-time, low-pay, and low-skilled. Because work is such an enduring phenomenon in the lives of youth and young adults and often helps to shape life paths, migration patterns, and generational change, it is critical to outline the role work and work migration play in the lives of young adults. This chapter describes the types of work in which youth are typically employed and analyzes the relationships between employment opportunities and higher education attainment across nation states. Finally, the last section discusses how the pressure for employment opportunities among all youth, regardless of their education attainment, drives their migration patterns worldwide.

Keywords: youth, schooling and work, apprenticeship programs, postsecondary attainment, STEM careers, entrepreneurship, unemployment, work migration

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