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date: 17 October 2017

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter is from the forthcoming The Oxford Handbook of Affective Computing edited by Rafael Calvo, Sidney K. D'Mello, Jonathan Gratch, and Arvid Kappas. This chapter presents a short history of psychological theory and research on emotion since the beginnings of psychology as an academic discipline in the last third of the nineteenth century. Using William James’s theory of emotion as the starting point and anchor, the history of research on five main questions of emotion psychology is charted. These concern, respectively, (1) the causal generation of emotions, (2) the effects of emotion on subsequent cognition and behavior, (3) the nature of emotion, (4) the evolutionary and learning origins of the emotion system, and (5) the neural structures and processes involved in emotions.

Keywords: Emotion theory, history of emotion research, James’s theory of emotion, cognitive emotion theories, basic emotions theory, neurophysiological basis of emotion

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