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date: 18 November 2017

Abstract and Keywords

Matters related to sex and gender are central in environmental ethics, intersecting with class and race. In Western capitalist and other colonizing systems, negative views about nature are deeply interwoven with derogatory views about those people who are associated with nature, including women and the feminine. Gendered relationships with nature and other species are highly varied across classes and cultures. Nonetheless, these days nearly everywhere females are more directly and negatively impacted by environmental harms, because gendered work and labor roles, including unpaid, domestic, caretaking and “flexible” work, often put women in closest proximity to environmental risks and challenges. Critical and reconstructive attention to specific systems and realities of sex and gender is therefore needed to develop adequate understanding of many issues at the heart of environmental ethics, and to bring diverse knowledge and more caring, empowering and effective moral responses to the fore.

Keywords: ethics, gender, race, ecofeminism, feminism, empowerment, environmental justice, sexual politics, “flexible” labor

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