Abstract and Keywords
This chapter demonstrates the dynamism and utility of positioning theory, in the domain of social justice. The illustrative examples are drawn from international intergroup situations, particularly in Afghanistan and Iraq. These situations involve interpretations of rights and duties by different groups, rights and duties being central to positioning theory. The chapter critically explores the questions of whether there are universals in rights and duties, and whether people apply moral principles consistently across contexts. Both the traditional empirical research literature and positioning theory reveal that context has an important influence on moral thinking, including on the interpretation of rights and duties.
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