Abstract and Keywords
This chapter, focused on the meaning and dynamics of social justice and injustice, describes theory and the lived experience of injustice. Its first section defines social justice, social injustice, and three psychological justice models—distributive, procedural, and exclusionary/inclusionary. The second section applies these models to environmental injustice, a complex, pressing social issue in which acute and chronic exposure to toxic pollution has become concentrated in marginalized communities. This example clarifies that the scope of justice, however wide or narrow, is a defining framework that is then operationalized by distributive and procedural justice in societal structures and in everyday life. The final section discusses collaborative efforts to widen the scope of justice and discusses the difficulties of fostering social justice in contexts characterized by power inequalities and a culture of moral exclusion.
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