Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Research on language change has revealed a number of systematic clines along which changes seem to progress. Monolingual, native dialects of English generally involve established norms of use, and so change often takes the form of gradual, incremental shifts along such clines. By contrast, New Englishes (varieties of English spoken in regions where English is neither indigenous nor predominantly native for its speakers) often have fewer established norms, and so change can take place more radically and rapidly. Influenced by the grammars of their native languages as well as by universal cognitive principles, second language (L2) speakers receiving limited native English input may generate similar reanalyses or regularizations. This article assesses the behavior and claimed universality of structural continua and cycles in English within bilingual, postcolonial settings. The discussion examines universal markedness gradients in phonetics, syntax, and semantics, as well as grammaticalization clines.

Keywords: continua, clines, English, New Englishes, grammaticalization, language change, dialects, cycles, markedness, linguistics

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.