Abstract and Keywords
Board certification of psychologists providing healthcare services to the public has a long history that continues to evolve. Most healthcare professions provide a peer-review process for the credentialing and board certification of individuals that provide healthcare services to the general public. Board certification within a specialty area has developed from within almost every respected healthcare profession. As psychology has progressed, the necessity of specialties, and recognition of those competent to practice in a specialty area, has become increasingly apparent. The explicit identification of very clear definitions and expectations for training and education within a specialty area facilitates this culture change. Some specialty areas (e.g., clinical neuropsychology) within psychology have more clearly embraced board certification, whereas others continue to work to establish board certification as a norm. Specialty board certification is not required, but is a voluntary process within the profession of psychology; certification is overseen by the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP). Board certification through ABPP is considered by most psychologists as recognition of advanced skills, knowledge, and attitudes. This chapter provides a history of the specialty credentialing process, discusses the issues regarding board certification, and how it is important to the profession of psychology.
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