Abstract and Keywords
Accelerating globalization is associated with vast movements of populations across state borders, resulting in dramatic cultural and demographic changes within most countries. These national, regional, and global changes have raised a new challenge: What are the best policies available for managing intergroup relations in contexts characterized by cultural, ethnic, religious, and linguistic diversity? This article outlines and critically reviews available policies, beginning with a discussion of the development of implicit and explicit policies for managing diversity primarily at nation-state level. Next, multicultural and assimilation policies are evaluated in two ways. First, specific examples are used to help assess the foundational assumptions regarding intergroup relations on which these different approaches are based. Second, some of the psychological and sociological consequences of these practices are reviewed. Finally, the article concludes by recapping lessons learned throughout the discussion, with a reference to newer policies.
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