Abstract and Keywords
Despite great popularity among practitioners and some researchers, the transtheoretical model (TTM) has been strongly criticized. The intention of this essay is not to defend the TTM against these criticisms but to judge which have merit, which do not, and which should lead to improvements in the model. Claimed strengths of the TTM are also considered. Among various conclusions reached, it is argued that, although criticisms of the algorithm method of stage assignment are justified, readiness to change is better viewed in terms of stages of change rather than as a continuum and that stages or phases of change remain indispensable in understanding and responding to addictive disorders. The overall conclusion is that putting the TTM to rest would be to lose much of value but that a variant of the TTM, the social cognitive stage model, represents a theoretical advance.
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