Abstract and Keywords
The implementation of rules for creating music began in the Middle Ages. Beginning with Micrologus by Guido d'Arezzo (dating from 1050 a.d.), rule-based theories governing the practice of music have been posited by numerous writers and practitioners. The advent of computers has enabled new approaches to music to be developed and implemented that would take advantage of the powerful computational abilities of this new technology. The first composers to engage with the possibilities that computers offered, Lejaren Hiller and Iannis Xenakis, both had scientific professional training: one as a chemist, the other as a civil engineer. Their pioneering work opened the way for others, and the field of computer-assisted has grown rapidly as the technology has become more and more powerful and accessible. This article focuses in more detail on the work of Xenakis as his theoretical and creative work have so far proven to be the more influential.
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