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date: 19 November 2018

Abstract and Keywords

Roman children were in general treated well under the law. This favorable situation of theirs only improved with the passage of time. This chapter documents this phenomenon and attempts to explain it. Briefly put, this chapter argues that, while the law always favored children, in the wake of the Augustan laws on marriage, the lex Iulia et Papia, this principle was considerably reinforced in many areas affecting children, not just those directly addressed by this statute. Whatever one chooses to argue for their position in social life, it is clear that children were not marginal to the concerns of the Roman legal authorities.

Keywords: alimenta, alimentary programs, cura ventris, dowry, ius occidendi, lex Atilia, lex Iulia et Papia, marriage, paterfamilias, tutela

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