Abstract and Keywords
This chapter describes the history of the Iowa-Benton approach to neuropsychological assessment. Arthur Benton established the first neuropsychology laboratory in the Department of Neurology at the University of Iowa in 1950, with a tripartite focus on teaching, research, and clinical care. Core features of Benton’s approach included a flexible, hypothesis-testing approach to each evaluation, and an emphasis on the development of standardized tests of specific cognitive functions. His data-driven approach to research and test development built on clinical observations and depended on detailed instructions for administration and scoring of tests, empirical selection of test items, collection of normative data, and test validation in groups of patients with known brain damage. Benton headed the laboratory at Iowa until 1978 and remained active in the field for many years after this. He trained several of the prominent figures in the next generation of neuropsychologists, and his tests remain in wide usage today. The Benton Laboratory of Neuropsychology at the University of Iowa Department of Neurology continues to carry on his legacy in teaching, research, and clinical care.
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