Abstract and Keywords
The American Revolution gave birth to a republic that would be shaped profoundly by law—specifically, by a revolution in the law. Conceived during the first revolution, Republican law was molded by the second. In the 1830s, Alexis de Tocqueville identified “the spirit of the law” abroad in the republic as an outward—and more importantly a downward—emanation. He was describing what republican law had become, rather than its origins. A legal culture that no longer stood alongside “the people themselves” but over them supplanted what is termed the “exuberant legalism” of the American Revolution. The dominant law of the Revolution was Whig law, the lex loci of the colonies. This chapter examines law in the American Revolution, republican law, legal localism, the science of law, and the science of government.
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