- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Sociolinguistics
- About the Editors
- List of Tables
- List of Figures
- The Study of Language and Society
- Variationist Sociolinguistics
- Linguistic Anthropology
- Doers and Makers: The Interwoven Stories of Sociology and the Study of Language
- Critical Discourse Analysis
- Conversation Analysis
- The Intersections of Language Socialization and Sociolinguistics
- Psycholinguistic Approaches
- Interdisciplinary Approaches
- Studies of the Community and the Individual
- Experimental Methods for Measuring Intelligibility of Closely Related Language Varieties
- Quantitative Analysis
- Analyzing Qualitative Data: Mapping the Research Trajectory in Multilingual Contexts
- Longitudinal Studies
- Methods for Studying Sign Languages
- Pidgins and Creoles
- Language Maintenance and Shift
- Sociolinguistics and Second Language Acquisition
- Sign Language Contact
- Phonology and Sociolinguistics
- Morphosyntactic Variation
- Pragmatics and Variationist Sociolinguistics
- Variation and Change
- Sociolinguistic Variation and Change in Sign Languages
- Language Policy, Ideology, and Attitudes in English-Dominant Countries
- English in Language Policies and Ideologies in Africa: Challenges and Prospects for Vernacularization
- Language Policy and Ideology: Greater China
- Language Policies and Politics in South Asia
- Language Policy and Ideology in Latin America
- Language Policy, Ideology, and Attitudes Key Issues in Western Europe
- Language Management in the Russian Empire, Soviet Union, and Post-Soviet Countries
- Language Ideologies, Policies, and Attitudes toward Signed Languages
- Language and Law
- Our Stories, Ourselves: Can the Culture of a Large Medical School Be Changed without Open Heart Surgery?
- Sociolinguistic Studies of Signed Language Interpreting
- Language Awareness in Community Perspective: Obligation and Opportunity
- Linguistic and Ecological Diversity
- Language Revitalization
- Sociolinguistics and Social Activism
Abstract and Keywords
While the focus on sociolinguistic and sociopragmatic variation is relatively new, linguistic variation continues to be an important issue that SLA research has grappled with. By linguistic variation, one understands the learner’s variable use of two or more L2 forms to express the same functional value, where one or all forms are nonnative. This chapter focuses on type II variation and presents an overview of the research findings that illuminate the challenge to the learner of developing sociolinguistic and sociopragmatic competence in the L2. While the application of sociolinguistic variationist methods to the study of type II variation has been relatively recent in SLA research, such methods have also been fruitfully used by some SLA researchers in relation to type I variation.
Martin Howard is Lecturer in French and Director of the Applied Linguistics programme at University College Cork (Ireland). He is currently Vice-President of the European Second Language Association, and has previously served as Director-at-Large of the International Council for Canadian Studies. His research focuses on Second Language Acquisition, Sociolinguistics and Canadian Studies.
Raymond Mougeon is Professor of French Linguistics at York University, Toronto. His research deals with sociolinguistic variation in Canadian French with a special focus on L1 and L2 adolescent speech in a school setting. He is the author of twelve volumes and numerous journal articles and book chapters.
Jean-Marc Dewaele is Professor of Applied Linguistics in the Department of Applied Linguistics and Communication at Birkbeck College, University of London. His research focuses on sociolinguistic and sociopragmatic competence and on the communication of emotions in a variety of languages and contexts. His recent publications include Emotions in Multiple Languages (2010) and New Trends in Crosslinguistic and Multilingualism Research (with Gessica De Angelis, 2011).
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