- Introducing Cognitive Linguistics
- Embodiment and Experientialism
- Construal and Perspectivization
- Entrenchment, Salience, and Basic Levels
- Polysemy, Prototypes, and Radial Categories
- Frames, Idealized Cognitive Models, and Domains
- Image Schemas
- Attention Phenomena
- Force Dynamics
- Spatial Semantics
- Mental Spaces
- Conceptual Integration
- Cognitive Grammar
- Construction Grammar
- Word Grammar
- Cognitive Linguistics and Functional Linguistics
- Cognitive Linguistics and Autonomous Linguistics
- Cognitive Linguistics and the History of Linguistics
- Inflectional Morphology
- Nominal Classification
- Idioms and Formulaic Language
- Relational Constructions in Cognitive Linguistics
- Clause Structure and Transitivity
- Tense and Aspect
- Grammatical Voice in Cognitive Grammar
- Modality in Cognitive Linguistics
- Pronominal Anaphora
- Discourse and Text Structure
- Diachronic Linguistics
- Lexical Variation and Change
- Cognitive Linguistics and Linguistic Relativity
- Cognitive Linguistics and Anthropological Linguistics
- Cognitive Linguistics and Linguistic Typology
- Cognitive Linguistics and First Language Acquisition
- Signed Languages
- Cognitive Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
- Cognitive Linguistic Approaches to Literary Studies: State of the Art in Cognitive Poetics
- Cognitive Linguistics and Cultural Studies
- Cognitive Linguistics, Ideology, and Critical Discourse Analysis
- Cognitive Linguistics and Philosophy
- Cognitive Linguistics, Psychology, and Cognitive Science
Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses the contribution of cognitive linguistics to diachronic lexicology and describes how lexical studies within cognitive linguistics are gradually and naturally evolving toward a sociolexicological approach that links up with sociolinguistics. It takes the distinction between semasiology and onomasiology as its basic organizing principle. Based on this distinction, the article charts the field of onomasiology (probably the lesser known of the two subfields of lexicology) and examines the contribution of cognitive linguistics to that field. It also illustrates the importance of sociolexicology for the study of onomasiological variation and change, with references to sociolinguistic studies at large within cognitive linguistics. There are two ways in which cognitive linguistics contributes to diachronic semasiology: by employing such mechanisms of semantic change as metaphor and metonymy, which cognitive linguistics has shed new light on, and by exploiting the prototype-based structure of polysemy. This article also considers prototype theory, modulations on the core cases, the development of radial sets, semantic polygenesis, semantic change from subsets, and referential and nonreferential types of meaning.
Stefan Grondelaers (PhD 2000) is associate professor at the Université Libre de Bruxelles. In his PhD thesis, he examined the sociolexicology, pragmatics, and psycholinguistics of Modern Dutch presentative er ‘there’. Grondelaers is coauthor of The Structure of Lexical Variation (with Dirk Geeraerts and Peter Bakema, 1994) and Convergentie en divergentie in de Nederlandse woordenschat (with Dirk Geeraerts and Dirk Speelman, 1999). He is on the editorial board of the journal Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory. Grondelaers mainly investigates language-structural and contextual variation in the lexicon and in syntax, building on corpus-linguistic and psycholinguistic research methods. He is a strong advocate of a full integration of Cognitive Linguistics and psycholinguistics. Stefan Grondelaers can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Dirk Speelman (PhD 1997) is associate professor at the Department of Linguistics, University of Leuven, where he teaches corpus linguistics and ICT for language students. In his PhD, he explored possibilities for cross-fertilization between theoretical concepts from Cognitive Linguistics (notably prototype theory) and empirical methods from quantitative corpus linguistics. Speelman is coauthor of Convergentie en divergentie in de Nederlandse woordenschat (with Dirk Geeraerts and Stefan Grondelaers, 1999). He also is author of several software tools in support of quantitative corpus-based or corpus-driven analysis of language (e.g., the tool Abundantia Verborum). His main research interest lies in the fields of corpus linguistics, computational lexicology, and variationist linguistics in general. Much of his work focuses on methodology and on the application of statistical and other quantitative methods to the study of language. Dirk Speelman can be reached at email@example.com.
Dirk Geeraerts is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Leuven. As the founder of the research unit Quantitative Lexicology and Variational Linguistics, his main research interests involve the overlapping fields of lexical semantics, lexicology, and lexicography, with a specific focus on cognitive semantic theories of meaning and lexical variation. His publications include Diachronic Prototype Semantics (1997) and Theories of Lexical Semantics (2010). As the founder of the journal Cognitive Linguistics, he played an important role in the international expansion of Cognitive Linguistics. He is the editor, with Hubert Cuyckens, of The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics (OUP 2010).
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