- Introduction to the Field and the Issues
- Substance Use in the Context of Adolescent Development
- A Developmental Perspective on Substance Involvement From Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood
- The Epidemiology of Substance Use Among Adolescents in the United States
- Cultural Variations and Relevance to Etiology
- Cigarette Smoking and Nicotine Dependence in Adolescence
- Adolescent Alcohol Use
- Marijuana Use and Abuse in Adolescence
- The Drugs of Abuse: Similarities and Differences: Other (Illicit) Drugs of Abuse in Adolescence
- Prescription Drug Abuse in Adolescence
- The Neural Circuitry and Neurocognitive Development
- A Developmental Biological Perspective of Adolescent Substance Abuse: Animal Models
- Behavioral Genetics of Adolescent Substance Use and Abuse
- Behavioral Undercontrol: A Multifaceted Concept and Its Relationship to Alcohol and Substance Use Disorders
- An Early Emerging Internalizing Pathway to Substance Use and Disorder
- Adolescent Resilience: Promoting More Positive Outcomes Among Youth at Risk of Using and Abusing Substances
- Application of the Expectancy Concept to Substance Use
- Child and Adolescent Socialization Into Substance Use
- Linking Peer Relationships to Substance Use Across Adolescence
- Development of Sexual Relationships and Substance Use
- Self-Regulation and Decision Making
- Substance-Impaired Driving in Adolescence
- Identity Development and Substance Use in Adolescence
- Adolescent Substance Use and Co-Occurring Disorders
- Alcohol and Drug Use as Risk Factors for Delinquent Behavior Among Adolescents
- Sleep Impairment
- Medical Issues in Adolescent Substance Use: Background and Role of the Primary Care Physician
- Adolescent Cultural Contexts for Substance Use: Intergroup Dynamics, Family Processes, and Neighborhood Risks
- Assessing Adolescent Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse
- Prevention in School, Primary Care, and Community-Based Settings
- Targeted Prevention Approaches
- Family-Based Treatments for Adolescent Substance Abuse: Advances Yield New Developmental Challenges
- Twelve-Step Approaches
- Effective Inpatient and Outpatient Models of Treatment for Adolescents With Substance Use Disorders
- Public Health Policy and Prevention of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drug Problems
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter describes the epidemiology of substance use among adolescents in the United States, with a primary focus on rates of use of illicit and licit drugs among nationally representative samples of adolescents in 8th, 10th, and 12th grades in the Monitoring the Future study. Prevalence rates of alcohol use, tobacco use, marijuana use, other illegal drug use, nonmedical use of prescription drugs, and use of unregulated substances (e.g., synthetic marijuana, inhalants) are reported. Subgroup differences by grade, gender, race/ethnicity, parental education, and college plans are examined. In addition, historical trends in substance use and attitudes regarding substance use are described. Documenting the rates of substance use in the adolescent population and monitoring historical changes in public health and behavior are critical for understanding the public health burden of adolescent substance use.
Megan E. Patrick is Research Assistant Professor, Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.
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