- Introduction to the Field and the Issues
- Substance Use in the Context of Adolescent Development
- A Developmental Perspective on Substance Involvement From Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood
- The Epidemiology of Substance Use Among Adolescents in the United States
- Cultural Variations and Relevance to Etiology
- Cigarette Smoking and Nicotine Dependence in Adolescence
- Adolescent Alcohol Use
- Marijuana Use and Abuse in Adolescence
- The Drugs of Abuse: Similarities and Differences: Other (Illicit) Drugs of Abuse in Adolescence
- Prescription Drug Abuse in Adolescence
- The Neural Circuitry and Neurocognitive Development
- A Developmental Biological Perspective of Adolescent Substance Abuse: Animal Models
- Behavioral Genetics of Adolescent Substance Use and Abuse
- Behavioral Undercontrol: A Multifaceted Concept and Its Relationship to Alcohol and Substance Use Disorders
- An Early Emerging Internalizing Pathway to Substance Use and Disorder
- Adolescent Resilience: Promoting More Positive Outcomes Among Youth at Risk of Using and Abusing Substances
- Application of the Expectancy Concept to Substance Use
- Child and Adolescent Socialization Into Substance Use
- Linking Peer Relationships to Substance Use Across Adolescence
- Development of Sexual Relationships and Substance Use
- Self-Regulation and Decision Making
- Substance-Impaired Driving in Adolescence
- Identity Development and Substance Use in Adolescence
- Adolescent Substance Use and Co-Occurring Disorders
- Alcohol and Drug Use as Risk Factors for Delinquent Behavior Among Adolescents
- Sleep Impairment
- Medical Issues in Adolescent Substance Use: Background and Role of the Primary Care Physician
- Adolescent Cultural Contexts for Substance Use: Intergroup Dynamics, Family Processes, and Neighborhood Risks
- Assessing Adolescent Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse
- Prevention in School, Primary Care, and Community-Based Settings
- Targeted Prevention Approaches
- Family-Based Treatments for Adolescent Substance Abuse: Advances Yield New Developmental Challenges
- Twelve-Step Approaches
- Effective Inpatient and Outpatient Models of Treatment for Adolescents With Substance Use Disorders
- Public Health Policy and Prevention of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drug Problems
Abstract and Keywords
The development of substance use during adolescence occurs against a backdrop of considerable changes in the social context, but these simultaneous changes alone are not conclusive evidence of a strong causal link between peers and drug use. Clarifying how peers shape the development of substance use is difficult because researchers often do not distinguish between different peer relationships (e.g., friendships, groups, networks), different social processes within these relationships (e.g., direct peer pressure, normative regulation, modeling), or adolescents’ own social motives and perceptions. The chapter discusses how peer relationships change across adolescence, how social processes within different relationships might contribute to substance use, and the methodological challenges that researchers face when documenting these contributions. The chapter also highlights how studies could better match the complexity of research questions about peer influence with appropriate data collection and analytic strategies.
Kelly Rulison, Assistant Professor of Public Health Education and Quantitative Methodologist, School of Health and Human Sciences, University of North Carolina at Greensboro.
Megan E. Patrick is Research Assistant Professor, Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.
Jennifer Maggs is Professor, Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University.
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