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date: 15 December 2018

Abstract and Keywords

Why is there such an enormous gap between human and nonhuman minds? Humans have been asking themselves this question for millennia. But if anything, the question has only become more enigmatic since Darwin and the genetic revolution. In the present chapter, we review the various answers that have been proposed to this question in recent years—from a “language instinct” and a “Theory of Mind” to the “massively modular” hypothesis—and argue that none of them provides a satisfactory solution to the enigma of the human mind.

Keywords: human mind, evolution, higher order relational reasoning, language, theory of mind, big brain, social intelligence hypothesis, language instinct

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