Abstract and Keywords
This article concerns the process by which agrarian land is acquired to build up infrastructure, industries, and various services, as well as that process's relation to the project of economic development. Recent strife in India over land acquisition for the purpose of industrialization is relevant to structural transformation in many developing countries. When trickle down is minimal, the question of compensation for those who lose out in the process of economic transformation becomes vital. The article suggests that most of India's large food production is the result of high net sown area, not productivity per acre. Therefore, allocating a small fraction of this land to industrialization would forego some food production, although this can easily be picked up by higher productivity in the remaining area. Fragmented land-holding patterns, however, prevent such productivity increases, which poses an important challenge.
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