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date: 15 October 2018

Abstract and Keywords

Across theoretical orientations, attempts to avoid and suppress difficult psychological content are presumed to interfere with psychological functioning and diminish well-being. Thus, a common theme in psychotherapy, which transcends theoretical orientation, is the promotion of acceptance. Recently, the use of mindfulness practices, and other experiential exercises aimed at increasing acceptance, to enhance existing cognitive and behavioral therapies has gained considerable attention. The goal of this chapter is to describe the theory underlying these efforts, provide a brief history of their development, describe the clinical strategies used with these approaches, and review the research that supports these efforts. We will also suggest future directions aimed at stimulating additional research literature and informing clinical practice.

Keywords: mindfulness, acceptance, behavior therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy

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