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date: 22 November 2017

Abstract and Keywords

This article explores the role of the victim during sentencing and parole release proceedings in the United States and other common law jurisdictions. It reviews the empirical evidence of the effects of the victim's participation and distinguishes sentencing from parole. This article also introduces the principle of proportionality, which serves as either a main consideration in the setting of penalties, or as a limit placed upon the allowable severity of punishment.

Keywords: victim participation, sentencing, parole release, law jurisdictions, principle of proportionality, severity of punishment

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