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date: 22 April 2019

(p. 499) Index

(p. 499) Index

Abarca, Meredith, 52, 102, 105
Adams, Carol, 103
Adrià, Ferran, 233
advertising
children and, 31, 295
industrial food and, xxii, 248, 263–65, 285, 291
new foods and, 26, 91, 241
race and, 90, 291, 396–97, 435
status and, 122, 130
aesthetics, 45, 52, 120, 142, 144, 147, 328
Africa
cuisines of, 25, 54–55, 86, 142, 329, 362–64
colonialism and, 32, 66, 253, 367
famine in, 6, 27, 358–67, 491
food and the state, 29
food production, 10, 130, 352, 358–62
food trade, 31, 130, 158, 162, 220, 325, 329
African Americans, 271–72, 411, 417, 437
consumers, 284, 291, 438
cooks, 46, 105, 431, 435
cuisines of, 429, 435, 438
See also slavery
agrarian society, 65, 138, 161, 210–18, 307–12
agribusiness
celebration of, xxii, 89–91
critiques of, xxii, 185, 262–63, 468–75, 482–94
origins of, 247–49, 259–75
power of, 25, 31, 254, 346, 370–84
agriculture
industrial, xx, xxii, 23, 25, 30–33, 42, 73–76, 221, 312, 377–81, 467–70
origins of, 63–64, 214–15, 390
slash and burn, 64, 216
agroecology, 34–35
Albala, Ken, 49, 53
alcohol
dietary staple, 9, 217, 430
production, 85–86, 108, 259, 262
prohibition, 410, 434, 437
sociability and, 121, 250, 358
status and, 103, 124, 343, 347
American Indians
colonialism and, 84–90, 430–35
cuisines of, 84, 435, 439
environment and, 91, 93, 212
food production of, 90–91, 212, 216, 217, 431
Anderson, Benedict, 121, 450, 451
Anderson, J. L., 263, 264
Anderson, Oscar Edward, 259, 260
Annales school, xviii, xix, xxi, 3–17, 307
anorexia, 101
anthropology, 92, 117–31, 306, 313, 410–12
of the body, 42, 119
cultural, 11, 12, 14, 48, 119, 396
social, 4, 119
Apicius, 228
Appadurai, Arjun, xxi, 45, 143, 414
apprenticeship, 44, 45
archaeology, 15, 53, 82, 316
Archestratus, 228, 236, 237
archives, xvii–xviii, 46, 53, 55, 88
Argentina, xx, 29, 32, 87, 103, 249, 250, 317, 380, 394
Aristotle, 52, 464
Arnold, Philip P., 412, 413, 416
Aron, Jean-Paul, 11
Artan, Tülay, 49
Artusi, Pellegrino, 234, 451
Association for the Study of Food and Society (ASFS), 191–92, 197–200, 396, 410–12
assimilation, 140, 235, 243, 312–13, 317, 430
Athenaeus, 236, 237
Atwater, Wilbur, 26, 173–76, 181
Aunt Jemima, 46, 90, 234, 435
Australia
agricultural production in, 220–22, 468
indigenous people of, 211–12, 218
cuisines of, 159, 392–98
trade and, 241, 247–50, 380, 471
authenticity
industrial versions of, 130–31, 439
politics of, 159, 285, 402–3, 438, 445
pursuit of, 82, 88, 196, 389–99, 439, 454, 490
status and, 126, 234–35, 406 (p. 500)
Aymard, Maurice, 4, 10, 11, 13, 14, 16
Ayora-Diaz, Steffan Igor, 54
Bakhtin, Mikhail, 48
baking, 68, 85–93, 201, 260, 395, 434, 489, 493
bananas
mass markets for, 26, 242, 247, 258, 267, 346
plantations, 220, 346
banquets, xxi, 9, 42–50, 126, 220, 233, 242, 420
Barker, Graeme, 212, 214
barley, 214, 309, 344
Barndt, Deborah, 33, 106, 196, 374
Barthes, Roland, 13, 415
Bauer, Arnold, 64
Baumann, Shyon, 126, 146, 147
bears, 5, 122
beef
mass consumption of, xx, 6, 26, 69, 158, 220, 249, 263, 311, 430
status of, 26, 125–26, 264
Beeton, Isabella, 251
Belasco, Warren, xx, 124, 177, 439
Bell, Rudolph, 101, 421
Bentley, Amy, xx, 491
beriberi, 127, 176
Beriss, David, 398
Bestor, Theodore, 130
Betty Crocker, 90, 434, 435, 439
Bickham, Troy, 244, 251
Biltekoff, Charlotte, xxiii, 439
biodiversity, 81, 82, 88, 109, 220
Bloch, Marc, 4–7
body image, 102–3, 110, 231
Bonnet, Jean-Claude, 11
Bosch, Carl, 221
Bottéro, Jean, 228
Bourdain, Anthony, 105, 392
Bourdieu, Pierre, 42, 45–47, 125, 144–45, 149, 396–98
Bové, José, 35, 129, 294
Bower, Anne, 46
boycotts, 106, 470, 486, 491
Braudel, Fernand, xviii, xix, xxi, 4–17, 50, 122, 125
Brazil, 25, 34, 220, 344–45, 380, 383, 392
bread
mass consumption of, 261–62, 273, 430, 484–86
and religion, 9, 248, 343, 420, 462
status of, 51, 122, 343, 348
Brillat-Savarin, Jean Anthelme, 349, 490
Bruegel, Martin, xxii
Brumberg, Joan, 101
Buddhism, 118, 127, 294, 411, 415–16, 463–64
butchering, 54, 63, 68–69, 73, 200, 435
Bynum, Caroline Walker, xxi, 48, 101, 411, 420–21
Caldwell, Melissa, 293
calorie
counting, xviii, 10
as scientific measure, 26, 173–74, 182
Cannon, Poppy, 235
Capatti, Alberto, xxi, 48
capitalism
global, 10, 370–84, 492, 494
industrial, 25, 28, 161, 250, 450
rise of, xix, 17, 27, 140, 242
carbohydrates, 51, 173, 245, 274, 342, 363
Carême, Antonin, 142, 451
Caribbean
colonialism and, 220, 243
cuisines of, 26, 51, 71, 214, 245–46, 438
sugar plantations, 66, 250, 262
Carney, Judith, xx, 25, 46, 66, 345, 352, 431
Central America, 26–31, 71, 221, 242, 346, 351, 401
Central Asia, 130, 332–34
Chang, Kwang-Chih, xviii
charity, xxi, 101, 421
Chaudhuri, K. N., 17
Chen, Yong, 315, 317
Chicago, 68, 72, 130, 279, 280, 288
Child, Julia, xxiii, 91, 92, 391
Child, Lydia Maria Francis, 237
China
cuisines of, xviii, 49, 124, 130, 308, 316, 331, 429
famine in, 27, 29, 312
fast food in, 285–92
food and the state, xvii, 27, 127, 217
food and migrants from, 130, 247, 390, 432–39, 490
gastronomy in, 45, 49, 228
chocolate
consumption of, xxi, 10, 42, 50, 120, 349–52
production of, 66, 472
Christianity
early, 174, 419–20
food and holiness in, xxi, 48, 102
ritual in, 342–43, 419–20
See also Lent
Christie, Marie Elisa, 123
chronic hunger, 23, 51, 253, 359–67
See also famine
chronology, 42, 55, 76, 229, 305, 358, 365–67, 375
Civil War, 47, 179, 261
civilization
food-based definitions of, 9, 308, 312, 343, 429, 432
rise of, 76, 213–17
focus of history, xxiii, 307–13
civilizing process, 42, 51, 140, 141
class
competition, 35, 47, 126, 141–45
diet and, 93, 173, 176, 262
emulation, 45, 51, 126
identities, xxi, 121, 244
stratification, 125, 136, 143
climate change, 210, 213, 315 (p. 501)
Coca-Cola, 89, 285
coffee
middle class and, 6, 42, 126, 147, 244
Columbian exchange and, 310, 341, 344–45
fair trade, 352, 471–72
plantations, 66, 220, 242
working class and, 66, 68, 126, 250
Cohen, Mark, 310
Cold War, 30, 259, 378, 380
Cole, Jeffrey, 198, 199
Colonial Williamsburg, 85, 86, 395
colonialism, xxiii, 24–26, 125, 241–53, 350–52, 435
Columbian exchange, xx–xxi, 24, 42, 54, 219–20, 306–17, 341–53
Columbus, Christopher, 219, 324, 325, 341, 351
Collingham, E. H., xxiii
commensality, xxi, 118–23, 198, 202, 292, 438
commodity prices, xix–xx, 4–17, 23, 30, 335, 377
commodity chain analysis, 155–58, 163, 194, 196, 374
commodity chains
counterseasonal, 220, 370
global inequalities of, 25, 156, 307, 381–82
labor and, 33, 157, 370, 374
privatization of, 381
See also sugar wheat
communion, 122, 343, 362, 409, 462
comparative analysis, xix, xxiii, 9, 49, 142, 312, 373–75
conquest, xx–xxi, 24–25, 51, 84, 243, 314, 342
consumer revolution, 4, 50, 250, 258, 260
consumption
conspicuous, xx, 47, 49, 51, 140, 242, 243
ethical, 461–75, 493
data, 14, 265–75, 283
domestic, 92, 162–63, 293, 437
history of, 10–18, 158
linking production and, 150, 158, 374
politics of, 29, 157, 162
sites of, 48, 50, 147, 397
cookbooks
collections of, 91, 227, 228
community, 46, 228, 230
as historical sources, 4, 14, 42, 53, 91, 141, 227, 229
manuscript, 44, 45, 227, 228, 230
markets for, 44, 45, 235
as prescriptive literature, 52, 230, 233
printed, 44, 45, 227
Cook, Ian, 157, 159
counterculture, 124, 178, 183, 391
Coveney, John, 174, 181
Cowan, Brian, 243
Crang, Philip, 157, 159
critical nutritional studies, xxiii, 175–76, 180–86
Cronon, William, 212, 222, 261, 373, 484
Crosby, Alfred W., Jr., xx, 24, 219, 341–53, 373
cross-ethnic eating, xxi, 284, 317–18, 389–90, 397, 436
cuisine
analytic/ synthetic, xxi, 44, 48, 55, 327–28
definitions, 12, 41–42, 46, 142
haute, xxi, 17, 49, 141, 143, 490
nouvelle, 42, 53, 55, 490
popular, 17, 51, 52, 54
culinary improvisation, 42, 52, 53, 202, 246
culinary tourism, xviii, 196, 389–403
Cullather, Nick, xxii, 30, 182
cultural studies, 154, 180
Cummings, Richard O., xix, 259
dairy
early history, 64, 215, 217
domestic production, 67, 250, 271
mass production, 74, 88, 259–65, 272, 395
David, Elizabeth, 52, 490
Davidson, Alan, 251
de Certeau, Michel, 42, 52, 148
deforestation, 218, 222, 346, 471
democracy
food, 99–110
food distribution and, xx, 28–29, 34, 127, 198, 483
earth, 35
omnivorousness, 126, 146–47
demography, xviii–xx, 3–9, 24, 27, 219, 351
Deutsch, Tracey, 29, 198
Deutsch, Jonathan, 102, 192
DeVault, Marjorie, 72
Diamond, Jared, 215
diet
change over time, xx–xxii, 15, 26, 42–53, 86, 258, 263, 315–16, 347
hunter-gatherer, 118, 123, 210–12, 308–13
surveys of, 7, 137, 144–45, 266–74, 463
See also weight loss
dietary laws, 42, 409, 410, 417–19, 420, 429
Diner, Hasia, 317, 433, 434
disease
chronic, 163, 174–78, 481
dietary deficiency, 25, 64, 89, 175, 176, 316
Mad Cow, 254
distinction, xxi, 42, 51, 125, 126, 144–46, 396
Dixon, Jane, 383
domestic servants, 54, 71, 86, 233, 429, 433, 435
domestication, 64, 73, 210, 213–21, 346, 468
Douglas, Mary, 42, 119, 197, 409, 410, 413, 418, 429
dumpster diving, 125, 473
DuPuis, E. Melanie, 101, 263, 265 (p. 502)
Duruz, Jean, 159
Dust Bowl, 222, 377, 485
Earle, Rebecca, xxiii, 312
East India Company, 243, 250, 251–52, 488
eating disorders, 102–3
economics, 10, 27–28, 154, 221
Eden, Trudy, xxiii, 430
education
nutritional, 176–77, 186
public, 81, 92, 128, 456
See also taste
Egypt, 27, 64, 87, 248, 285, 308, 333–34
Elias, Norbert, 42, 47, 51, 123–24, 140–41
empire
agrarian, 210, 213, 217–18, 222, 312
European, 65–68, 125, 241–55, 317
enclosure, 25, 65, 67, 215
Engerman, Stanley, xix, 179
entitlement, xx, 27–28, 29
environment
conservation of, 33, 83, 211, 383–83, 395, 462, 486
destruction of, 87, 217–18, 220–23, 468, 471–73, 486
transformation of, 212–13, 215, 373
epistemology, 148, 150, 182
erosion, 83, 88, 217–19, 377
Estes, Rufus, 233, 234
ethnicity
assimilation and, 130, 283–84, 401, 434
business and, 93, 120, 137, 294, 434, 439
Bohemians and, 125, 436, 490
construction of, 420–29
defined, 428–29
enclaves and, 328, 436, 490
food and preservation of, xxi, 401, 418, 437
grocery stores and, 196, 274
identity and, 69, 71, 93, 145, 312, 436, 439
mixing of, 312, 349, 436
restaurants and, 148, 159, 235, 252, 255, 390, 396, 437–39, 490
situational, 401, 434
ethnography
challenges, 120, 129
defined, 117–18
early humans and, 211–12, 316
methodologies, 100–2, 118, 193, 395
multi-sited, 128–30, 280
sociology and, 137–38, 144–48
Europe
Eastern, 24, 31, 108, 237, 327, 409
famine in, 8, 27, 67, 244, 250, 312, 433
See also empire
European Union, 122, 380
Evans, Sterling, 315
evolution, 118, 141, 210–11, 313, 487
exceptionalism, xxii, 50, 143
exploration, European voyages of, 243, 324–25, 333, 336, 347–48, 352
extinction, 212, 266
family meals, xxi, 53, 68, 362, 363, 364
farm
family, 30, 376–77
lobby, 29, 379
subsidies, 28, 122, 377–82
Farmer, Fanny, 232
fasting, xxi, 48, 101–3, 230, 416–17
fat studies, 184
fats
regional differences, 7, 14
dietary, 173, 219, 249, 259
industrial, 264
feasting, 45–51, 87, 141, 363, 409, 416, 420
Febvre, Lucien, 4–7, 9, 11
feeding, 104, 362
Feltault, Kelly, 200–1
femininity, 46, 50, 102–3, 243, 434
feminism, 100, 101, 110, 149
Ferguson, Priscilla Parkhurst, 41, 45, 52, 137, 142–43
Fernández-Armesto, Felipe, xxiii, 390
fertilizers, xxii, 30, 73–74, 210, 217, 221–22, 378
filières agro-alimentaires. See commodity chains
Finkelstein, Joanne, 148
Fischler, Claude, 389
fish
elite consumption of, xx, 9, 118, 139, 236–37, 394
mass consumption of, xxi, 438
preserved, xxiii, 82, 157, 245–46
religious consumption of, 230, 420
Fisher, M. F. K., 91, 105, 392, 490
fishing, 82–90, 118, 200, 359
Fine, Gary Alan, 137, 147, 148, 149, 439
Fitzgerald, Gerard, 48
Flandrin, Jean- Louis, xxi, 4–18, 42–51, 142
Fogel, Robert, xix, 179
folklore, 92, 136, 154, 389–403
food
access to, 23–28, 35, 101, 107, 118–19, 159–60, 311, 371, 436
activism, 100–10, 137, 180, 184, 198
additives, 467, 482, 487
adulteration, 160, 226, 259, 488
aid, 378, 380
deserts, 160, 184, 439
fast, 129, 276–96, 318, 436, 439
ideologies, 23, 231
industry. See agribusiness, agriculture
justice, 75, 186, 483, 486
local, 35, 85, 160, 254, 465–67
miles, 462, 469–70
organic, 74, 75, 122, 161, 254, 381, 467–68
and political legitimacy, xvii, xx, 11, 27, 128
politics, xix, xx, 23–35, 101, 162, 183, 198, 359, 384
preservation, 63, 72, 81, 82, 88, 91, 247, 316
regimes, 370–85
revolutions, 6, 24, 390, 412
riots, xix, xx, 7, 23, 33
science and engineering, xxii, 185, 287
security, 8, 10, 26
social significance of, xix, 17–18, 192, 197, 428
sovereignty, 32–35, 382
stamps (SNAP), 106
systems, xxii, 13, 23–25, 30, 161, 261, 359, 370–85
systems, alternative, 23, 30–35, 107, 162, 185
voice, 100–4, 193, 195
Foucault, Michel, 42, 140–41, 180–81
France
cuisines of, 14, 331, 391
culinary hegemony of, 45, 52, 86, 128, 141–43, 234–35, 451
culinary modernization in, xxi, 15, 42–50, 141, 327–29
fast food in, xxii, 35, 282–83, 287–91
food exports, 35, 86
gastronomy in, 43–50, 143, 158, 445, 490
nationalism in, xvii, 86, 445, 451
regionalism of, 8, 451
restaurants and, 45, 48, 50, 142–43, 490
universities in, 3–7, 15, 144, 156
franchising, 279, 286, 289
Freedman, Paul, xxi, 197, 242, 307
Freeman, Michael, 49
Freidberg, Susanne, 130, 161, 254
Freud, Sigmund, 141, 306, 314, 428
Friedland, William, 156, 374
Friedmann, Harriet, 25, 371, 373, 377, 381, 383
fruit
elite consumption of, 45, 243
mass consumption of, 26, 61, 247, 250, 258–73, 346, 446
See also bananas
functionalism, xxi, 48
Gabaccia, Donna, 46, 294, 390, 434, 436, 437
game, 14, 85, 122, 127, 211, 271–72
gardens
community, 35, 87, 106–9, 195, 466, 473, 484
food production in, 76, 85–86, 245, 345, 489
Garnsey, Peter, xx
gastronomy, 15, 109, 143, 197, 233, 466
See also China, France
gatekeeping, disciplinary, xvii, xviii, 135–36, 139, 143, 149
genetically modified organisms (GMOs), 31–32, 73, 222, 468–69
geography, xvii, 7, 10, 17, 154–64, 332, 375
cultural, 155, 157, 158, 160, 396
human, 8, 154, 155, 158
Germany, 87, 130, 174, 282
Giard, Luce, 52, 148
Giedion, Siegfried, 76, 260, 261
Glasse, Hannah, 251, 252
Global North and South, xxiii, 26–35, 221, 251–54, 370, 382–83
See also Third World
globalization
corporate, 30–33, 129–31, 254, 373, 463
early modern, xx, 193, 352
from below, 33–35, 401
long histories of, xxiii, 54, 306, 312–14, 319
opposition to, 35, 129, 294, 398, 444, 466
Goody, Jack, 41, 43, 54, 121, 142, 143, 449
Goodman, David, 101, 373
Graham, Sylvester, 485, 486, 488, 493
Great Depression, 28, 176, 361, 367, 436
Great Famine (Ireland), 27, 244, 250, 312, 433
Greece, xvii, xx, 9, 25, 120, 333
Green Revolution, xxii, 30–31, 73–76, 312
Grignon, Claude, 14
grocery stores, 29, 241, 244, 250, 254, 272–73, 391
Guthman, Julie, 107, 161, 185, 198
Haber, Fritz, 221
Habermas, Jürgen, 47, 50, 142, 147
habitus, 140, 144, 149
Hamilton, Shane, 155–56, 263, 265
Harvey, David, 157, 162, 390
Hassanein, Neva, 101, 107
Hauck-Lawson, Annie, 102, 193
Hawai’i, 26, 82, 83, 89, 212, 247, 250
health. See diet, humoral medicine
hegemony, cultural, xx, 48, 127, 129, 265
Heldke, Lisa, 52, 196, 400
Helstosky, Carol, 127
Hemardinquer, Jean-Jacques, 10
heritage, 83, 389, 402
Hinduism, 409, 410, 413–15, 416, 463
historical memory, 46–47, 430, 431
historical profession, xvii–xviii, xix, xxiii
historiography, xix, 6, 175, 178–80, 259
history
agricultural, xix, 82, 88, 209, 258, 384
business, 88, 258, 264
culinary, xviii, 43–44, 53, 179, 314–19
cultural, 13–15, 41–60, 89, 92
economic, xix, xxii, 4–17, 87, 89, 93, 230 (p. 504)
environmental, 9, 84, 209–10, 223, 258, 261
global, 157, 281
immigration, 87, 93, 432
labor, 26, 61–76, 89, 193, 258, 262
living, xviii, 53, 81–85, 229, 395
political, xix, 23–40
public, 81–93
sensory, 47–51
social, xix, 3–12, 49, 86, 89, 179
world, 7, 157, 305–18, 351, 389
Whig view of, 213, 365
home economics, 71, 149, 176, 266, 432
Horowitz, Roger, 263, 264
humoral medicine, 44, 243, 325–27, 329–31, 344
hunter-gatherers, 63, 118, 129, 154, 210–12, 308–13
hunting, 9, 62–67, 82, 85, 90, 212–15, 359, 431
Hyman, Mary, 13–14
Hyman, Philip, 13–14
identity. See class, ethnicity, gender, nation, race
ideology, 84, 109, 127, 149, 182
imagined communities, xxii, 43, 121
immigrants, xxiii, 93, 137, 149, 176, 228, 235, 255, 283, 432–34
India
colonialism in, 248, 253, 317, 466
cuisines of, 55, 71, 122, 245–52, 327, 331, 446–53
democracy in, 28
famine in, 25, 250, 361
fast food in, 285, 288
spice trade and, 325–37
religion and food in, 143, 413–16
universities in, 135–36
Indonesia, 31, 211, 230
industry. See agribusiness, agriculture
inequality, 47, 101, 119, 125, 143, 149, 185, 217, 306
interdisciplinarity, xviii–xix, 12–15, 28, 92, 154–64, 209, 309, 411
internet, 34, 55, 228
intersectionality, 92–93, 100, 429
Ireland, 24, 244, 312
irrigation, xxii, 64, 73, 127, 210, 217, 218
Islam, 312, 409, 411, 416–17
Italy
cuisines of, 49, 122, 232–34, 392, 402, 451
famine in, 51, 127
fascist food policy, 29, 127
food and migrants from, 235, 317, 436–38, 488
Slow Food and, 99–110, 294, 466, 488
spice trade and, 324–36
Jackson, Peter, 157, 162, 163
Jamestown, 84, 85, 430
Jamieson, Ross, 50
Japan
cuisines of, 45, 121, 124, 130, 351, 401
fast food in, 124, 129–30, 282–85, 292–93
rice and, 118–20, 122, 127, 129, 415, 429
Jesus, xxi, 48, 102, 343
Johnston, Josée, 126, 146, 147
Judaism, 87, 409, 410, 417–20, 429
Kamminga, Harmke, 174
Kaplan, Steven, 11
Katz, Solomon, 485
Kiple, Kenneth, xxiii
Kirschenblatt-Gimblett, Barbara, 46
knowledge
indigenous, 23, 25, 31, 34, 51, 81, 83
production, 44, 135–36, 139, 147, 149, 150
scientific, xxii, 29, 71, 173–74, 178, 242, 259
women’s ways of knowing, 101
Kroc, Ray, 279–81, 286, 290, 295, 318
Kümin, Beat, 50
Kurlansky, Mark, xviii
La Varenne (François Pierre), 44, 327
labor
coerced, 65–66
de-skilling of, 33, 69
domestic, xx, 52, 62–76, 93, 104–9, 128–36, 140, 236, 392, 434
gendered division of, 61, 64, 104, 105, 128
factory, 25, 26, 61, 68–69, 73, 149, 262, 435
farm, 62, 73, 74, 89, 92
“flexible,” 33
invisibility of, 61, 157
international division of, 370, 376
migrant, 25, 33, 49, 61, 69, 75, 92, 129, 130, 374, 433
restaurant, 15, 52, 70, 233, 287–90
wage, 68, 69, 74, 104, 435
Latin America, 10, 25, 46, 222, 349, 447
Latinos, 90–93, 102, 106, 284, 290–91, 436
Latour, Bruno, 373
Laudan, Rachel, 185, 349
Lawrence, Geoffrey, 371, 383
Le Roy Ladurie, Emmanuel, 8, 9
leftovers, 49, 53, 237
legumes
agrarian diet and, 64, 91, 217, 219, 345
complementary proteins, 217, 342
as fertilizer, 216
industrial production of, 32, 378–79, 468
Lenin V. I., 29, 280
Lent, 14, 120, 121, 239, 455
Leonardi, Susan, 46
Levenstein, Harvey, 175, 179, 262, 263, 432, 434, 491 (p. 505)
Lévi-Strauss, Claude, 11, 42, 119, 125, 429
linguistics, 48, 396
literacy, xxiii, 42–43, 142, 173, 175, 180, 186
livestock
breeding, 83
domestication, 63–65, 210, 215–16, 390
herding, 88, 435
industry, 74, 249, 264–65, 378–79, 435
See also pastoralism
Long, Lucy, 196
maize
American Indians and, 84, 217, 420
Columbian exchange and, 8, 24, 129, 216–19, 310, 342–52, 447
farming, 34, 216
industrial, 90, 186, 200, 274, 327, 378–79, 469
tortillas, 51, 67, 71, 93, 217, 260
See also nixtamal, pellagra
malnutrition, 6, 23, 28–32, 35, 74, 140, 156, 295
Malthus, Thomas, 27, 222, 482–83
Malthusian analysis, xx, 27, 484–85
manioc, 118, 214, 245, 342–46, 351, 363
manners, 42, 45, 104, 124, 140–41, 230, 390
Massialot, François, 232
Mao Zedong, 29, 122
Marinetti, Filippo, 127
markets, 11, 48, 67, 75, 130, 196, 307
Marx, Karl, 76, 139
Marxism, 7, 10, 148, 157
masculinity, 29, 46, 102, 120, 200, 281–82, 295
material culture, 5, 7–12, 41, 52–55, 82–92, 118, 230–31, 307–11
Mazumdar, Sucheta, xx, 350
McCann, James, xx, 54, 219
McCollum, Elmer, 176, 178
McDonald, Maurice, 279, 281, 318
McDonald, Richard, 279, 281, 318
McDonald’s, xxii, 35, 70, 124, 129, 279–96, 312, 317–18
McDonaldization, 15, 280, 289, 295, 296, 313, 317, 401
McMichael, Philip, 25, 371, 374, 375, 382
Mead, Margaret, 437
meat
cooking of, 50–53, 125, 331, 401
masculinity and, 103, 120, 126, 236
social status of, 9–14, 54, 122–25, 141, 249, 263–64
meatpacking, 26, 68–69, 105, 238, 258–63, 434
Mediterranean, xix, 8, 9, 17, 210–20, 334
Melville, Elinor, 219, 346
Mennell, Steven, 42, 44, 47, 52, 137, 141–42, 450
mentalities, xxi, 3–18, 30, 42, 139, 231
menus, 43, 52–53, 71, 284, 285
Mesopotamia, 214, 215, 217, 218, 228, 313
Mexico
cuisines of, 51, 55, 123, 217, 349, 353
fast food and, 92–93, 284–85, 292
government food policy of, 29–30, 218
indigenous people of, 46, 66, 343–44, 348
migrants and food from, 130, 436–39
Middle East, 30, 87, 244, 253, 328–34
migration
forced, 24, 210
internal, 54
labor, 67, 71, 196, 283, 308, 374, 430–33
seasonal, 64, 210, 213, 308
See also mobility, trade
Milanesio, Natalia, xx
Miller, Jeffrey, 192, 201
millet, 214, 310, 352, 363
Mintz, Sidney W.
anthropology and, 105–6, 119
commodity chains and, xviii, 25, 126, 129, 130, 242, 250
food history and, 42, 51, 196, 204, 431
mobility
human, 306, 307, 310, 311, 312, 314, 317
social, 43, 47, 49, 233
modernity, 42, 55, 128–36, 291–92, 349, 382, 390, 398–99, 473
modernization, xix, 28–30, 76, 136
monoculture, 73, 220
Montanari, Massimo, xxi, 9, 15, 17, 48, 142, 327
moral economy, xix, 27, 163
morality, xxi, xxiii, 45, 143, 173–74, 181, 185, 413, 439
Muhammad, 121
mush, 51, 352, 363, 402
Mussolini, Benito, 29, 127
myth, 84, 93, 185, 195, 280–81, 347, 409, 429
narrative, xxiii, 24, 48, 82, 102, 198, 222, 374, 375
nation
building, xvii–xviii, 312, 317, 336
identity and, xxi, 16, 45, 398, 429, 444–58
state, 28, 218, 374, 376
national cuisines
construction of, xxi, xxii, 234, 235, 444–58
examples of, 26, 159, 349–50, 401
immigrants and, 26, 445, 452
print and, 451
neoliberalism, 30–34, 254, 380
Neolithic revolution, xxiii, 76, 193, 214, 307, 309, 313
Nestle, Marion, 31, 105, 183
Netherlands, 125, 288, 292
New Deal, 28, 377
New Zealand, 212, 215, 244–49, 380, 394–98, 415
nixtamal, 25, 64, 90, 129, 217, 316, 342, 345, 351, 431
non-governmental organizations (NGOs), 10, 35
Norman, Corrie, 195 (p. 506)
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), 34, 106
Norton, Marcy, xxi, 48, 50
nostalgia, 45, 120, 193–94, 344, 482
nutrition
guidelines for, 172, 175, 177
paradigms, 175–78, 181
professionals, 71, 163, 172
science of, xix, xxiii, 26, 154, 173–81, 384
ÓGráda, Cormac, 27
Obama, Michelle, 106
Oceania, 218, 244, 248
Ohnuki-Tierney, Emiko, 415, 429
Okihiro, Gary, 26
Olmstead, Alan, xxii
Opie, Frederick Douglass, 438
orality, 43, 44, 54, 142
Ory, Pascal, 142
Ottoman Empire, 46, 49, 334
Paradise, 212, 325, 327, 332
Parasecoli, Fabio, 389, 404, 444
pastoralism, 63–65, 308, 312
Patel, Raj, 110
patriarchy, 64, 68
pedagogy, 109, 191–204, 307
pellagra, xxiii, 24, 129, 217, 316, 351
Penfold, Steve, 315, 318
Perez, Ramona Lee, 102
performance studies, 42, 52–53
Petrick, Gabriella, xxii, 48
Petrini, Carlo, 99, 294, 390, 490
Philippines, 30, 282
philosophy, xvii, 52, 174, 463
Pilcher, Jeffrey M., 26, 105, 130, 200, 290, 311–13, 349
Pinkard, Susan, 49
Pitte, Jean-Robert, 158
plant breeding, xxii, 30, 73
Plimoth Plantation, 84, 85, 91, 93, 395, 430
Pollan, Michael, 105, 183, 184, 185, 258, 488
Portugal, 125, 392
postmodernity, 148, 149, 181
potato
Columbian exchange and, 6, 13, 24, 219, 244–45, 310, 316, 342
industrialization of, 259, 283, 288
staple food, 118, 127, 244, 350, 456
practice, 13, 42, 52–55, 81, 148–49, 173, 180
protein
animal sources of, 211–15, 245, 253, 363
dietary needs, 10, 173, 182
vegetable sources of, 217, 342, 485
Proust, Marcel, 120
provisioning, xix–xx, 9–11, 29, 67, 76, 258–59, 347, 371
public sphere, 47, 50, 104–5, 142, 147, 154
Pucciarelli, Deanna, 179, 196
quantitative research, 4–17, 137, 144–48, 182–83, 266, 395
race
defined, 428–29
exclusion and, 432–34, 436
fast food and, 289–91, 294
inequality and, 69, 101, 430–31, 436–40
resistance, 70, 289, 431, 435
Rath, Eric, xxii, 45
Ray, Krishnendu, 317, 438
recipes, 42, 46–49, 143, 228–38, 251, 390, 422
recommended daily allowances (RDAs), 177, 181, 182
reform
land, xxiii, 29
refrigeration, 69, 72, 161, 220, 238, 249, 259, 263
Reichl, Ruth, 105, 392, 490
religious studies, 87, 193–94, 409–13, 421
restaurants, xxi, 15, 49, 69–72, 139, 160, 279–96, 446
Rhode, Paul, xxii
rice
agriculture, 122, 129
and beans, 26
“black,” 46, 66, 158, 345, 431
consumption of, 49, 251–53
cultural significance of, 9, 118–22, 415, 429, 433–34, 446
“golden,” 469
milling, 89, 217
trade, 30, 122, 310
Richards, Audrey, 119
ritual, xxi, 87, 118, 251, 361–62, 414–22
Ritzer, George, 280, 401
Robertson Smith, William, 118, 122, 409
Roe, Daphne, xxiii
Roman Empire, 9, 65, 333, 337
Roseberry, William, 126
Rozin, Paul, 119, 192, 389, 493
Russia, xx, 8, 29, 87, 221, 292–93, 380, 453–58
Sabban, Françoise, 4, 13, 14
Sahlins, Marshall, 63, 118, 213
Samanci, Özge, 46
Sanders, Harlan D. “Colonel,” 280, 284, 289
Sauer, Carl, 159, 215
scale, 8, 155–62, 305, 311, 372, 373
Schlosser, Eric, 105, 191, 258, 295
Scholliers, Peter, 16–17
Scott, James, 28, 65, 360
Scrinis, Gyorgy, 182, 183
scurvy, 88
Sen, Amartya, xx, 27, 28, 33
sensory perception, 48, 55, 104, 144, 200, 202, 229
Sinclair, Upton, 69, 484–94
Shiva, Vandana, 35
shopping, 4, 15, 72–73, 76, 102, 108, 196, 273–75
Shortridge, Barbara, 159, 160
Simmons, I. G., 210–13
skeletal remains, xix, 15, 64, 213
Slow Food, 83, 99–110, 183, 294, 396, 403, 465, 489
social construction, xxi, 174, 180
social movements, xxii, 34–35, 43, 110, 186, 376, 377, 382, 481–94
social networks, 18, 46, 69, 90, 103, 108
social reproduction, 104, 105, 108
sociology, 4, 135–50, 374
historical, 42, 139
rural, 8, 129, 138, 156
Sonnenfeld, Albert, 142, 143
South America, 30–31, 73, 107, 221, 292, 341–42, 344
South Asia, 27, 247–55, 282
Southeast Asia, 31, 211, 230, 255, 285, 297, 328, 333
Southern Foodways Alliance, 195
Spain, 228, 232, 238, 330–34, 393
Spang, Rebecca, 50, 490
spatial analysis, 156, 157, 163, 164
spices
cooking with, xxi, 49, 64, 230, 238, 244, 251, 326–31
decline of, 42, 125, 324, 327, 328
European demand for, 125, 324, 337
medieval imagination and, xxi, 242, 324, 441–32
sources of, 328–29, 331–33
See also trade (spice)
standards of living, xix, 3
state formation, 28, 47, 64, 127, 217
Stouff, Louis, 11, 12
structuralism, 7, 118
structure, 8–18, 139–40, 296, 306
subsistence
declining, 253, 351, 435
production, 24–25, 63, 129, 211, 488
societies, 3–13, 18, 51, 430–31
sugar
elite consumption of, 231, 242
boycotts, 250, 470, 486
consumption, 9, 42, 176, 262–73, 447
industrialization and, xviii, 68, 129, 262
markets, 25, 67, 88
plantations, 66, 119, 220, 250, 344
as spice, 325–29, 336
mass consumption of, 51, 126, 243
supermarkets, 29–33, 72, 160–61, 254, 275, 379–81, 439
sushi, xxii, 126, 130–31, 393, 438
sustainability
agriculture and, 34, 74, 83, 88, 223
defined, 487
movement for, 183, 381, 389–90, 403, 462, 466–75, 491
research on, 138, 160–61, 178, 396
Sutton, David, 120, 396
sweet potato, 214, 342, 351, 363
symbolic analysis, 4, 5, 10, 12, 18, 55, 122
taboo, 118, 410
taste
education, 47, 104, 108, 109, 110, 200–2, 490
historical change, xxi, 3, 14, 42, 47–51, 54, 243, 325, 348, 447
historical agency, xxi, 264–65
memory, 110, 120, 149, 194, 199
preferences, 12–14, 63, 283
socialization of, 54, 120, 144, 149, 448, 481
taylorization, 70, 72, 286
tea
consumption, 15, 42, 50, 243, 250, 483
class identity and, 39, 49, 51, 126, 220, 243, 430
gendering, 243
plantations, 66, 250
technology
culinary, 53, 63–66, 72, 76, 82, 93, 123, 201, 211, 217, 230, 316
industrial, 68–69, 74, 89, 258–65, 286–87, 379
Terrio, Susan, 120
terroir, 143, 158, 403, 450–51, 494
Teubal, Miguel, 32
Teuteberg, Hans J., 450
textual analysis, xvii, xviii, 43, 138, 229, 237–38
Thailand, 254, 282, 285, 294, 341, 393–94, 416
Thanksgiving, 84, 93, 183
Thatcher, Margaret, 30, 462
Theophano, Janet, 46, 437
Third World, xxii, 30, 361, 371, 378–79
Thompson, E. P., xix, 27
trade
agricultural, 25, 30–34, 65–67, 85, 162, 241–50, 310, 316, 370–82
Atlantic Ocean, 9, 158, 246, 249, 250, 288, 341
fair, 35, 462, 471–73
Indian Ocean, 17, 54
long-distance, 67, 309–10, 317, 390, 397
spice, xviii, xxi, 9, 88, 307, 324–38, 448
Trubek, Amy, 52, 143
Uncle Ben, 90, 234
unionization, 69, 106, 289, 471, 491
United Fruit Company, 26, 309, 346 (p. 508)
United Kingdom
cuisines of, 44–45, 231–32, 432
curry and, 251–54, 317
food and empire, 119, 126, 243–44, 248–50, 262, 470
food and the state, 27, 47, 141
multiculturalism, 159, 251–54
trade and, 246, 249–50, 371, 376–79
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 7, 158, 402
United States
cuisines of, 390, 394, 396, 401, 431–40
early settlement, 84–86, 430–31
food and the state, 28–29, 106, 377
food consumption, 258–75
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 30, 172, 176, 182, 266–67, 272
Valentine, Gill, 396
Van Esterik, Penny, 415
Veblen, Thorstein, 47, 140
Vega Jiménez, Patricia, 26
vegetables
changing preferences in France, xxi, 327–28
commercial production, 66, 73, 130, 158, 220, 468, 491
consumption in U.S., 261, 267–74, 434, 437
femininity and, 103
vegetarianism, 125, 231, 410, 420, 463–64, 493
Via Campesina, 34, 382
vitamins, 88, 176–77, 212, 369–71
von Ranke, Leopold, xvii
Vos, Paula de, 242
Waley-Cohen, Joanna, 49
Wallerstein, Immanuel, 17, 221, 314
Walmart, xxii, 31, 492, 494
Walter, Lynn, 195, 196
Warde, Alan, 144, 145
Warman, Arturo, 129
waste, 121, 125, 472–73
Waters, Alice, 105, 183, 185, 295, 490
Watson, James, 285, 402
Watts, Michael, 161, 373
Watts, Sydney, 54
weight loss, 191, 231
wheat
commodity chains for, 219–21, 371, 376–80
milling, 89, 217, 261
nutritional yield, 9, 351
status in Europe, 51, 118, 343, 447, 486
Wiley, Harvey, 262
Wilk, Richard, xix, 51, 401, 452
Williams-Forson, Psyche, 105, 435
Witt, Doris, 417, 435
Wolf, Eric, 106, 219, 220
women
as cooks, 41, 52, 431
food and, xxi, 99–110, 411, 415, 418, 420
in public, 35, 50, 67, 100, 417
See also gender, femininity
World Trade Organization (WTO), 30, 34, 122, 380–83
world-system theory, 11, 17, 221, 307, 314, 372, 374
World War I, 5, 176, 250, 377
World War II, xx, xxiii, 6, 7, 89, 127, 177, 261, 293, 377, 437, 438
Worster, Donald, 222, 485
Wrangham, Richard, 211
Zelinsky, Wilbur, 159, 396, 437
Zimmern, Andrew, 196